Documents

A Policy on Design Standards—Interstate System

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A Policy on Design Standards—Interstate System, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington, D.C., July 1991).

Wikipedia Article: 7/9/13

Standards for Interstate Highways in the United States are defined by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) in the publication A Policy on Design Standards - Interstate System. For a certain highway to be considered an Interstate, it must meet these construction requirements or obtain a waiver from the Federal Highway Administration.

Development of Guidelines for Driveway Location and Median Configuration in the Vicinity of Interchanges

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Washburn, S. & A. Kondyli. Development of Guidelines for Driveway Location and Median Configuration in the Vicinity of Interchanges, Florida Department of Transportation: TRC-FDOT-036-2006, (2006)

NCHRP Report 687: Guidelines for Ramp and Interchange Spacing

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These guidelines do not establish ramp and interchange spacing standards. Rather they provide a process and criteria for assessing spacing in a given context to assist planners and designers in considering the feasibility of new or rebuilt interchanges and ramps. Interchange spacing is defined as the distance between the centerlines of successive crossroads with interchanges on a freeway.

Corridor X Development Plan

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This project applied analytical tools (regional economic forecasting models, GIS, transportation planning software, and traffic simulation software) to inform the planning and development process along an emerging interstate highway corridor. It illustrated the benefits of advanced planning and access management intended to preserve the functional integrity of the corridor and its interchanges and crossroads.

NCHRP Synthesis 332: Access Management on Crossroads in the Vicinity of Interchanges

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Butorac, M., and J. Wen, NCHRP Synthesis 332: Access Management on Crossroads in the Vicinity of Interchanges, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. (2004)
This study documented practices and standards relative to access location and design on the crossroads in the vicinity of interchanges, both for new interchanges and retrofit of existing interchanges. It provides guidance relative to factors that may be considered when assessing crossroad and mainline spacing near interchanges.

Business Perceptions of the Effects of Traffic Access Management on Accessibility and Patronage

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Vu, P., V. Shankar, G. Ulfarsson, “Is Access Management Good for Business? Business Perceptions of the Effects of Traffic Access Management on Accessibility and Patronage,” Transportation Planning and Technology, Vol. 29, Issue 4 (2006)

Long-Term Business and Land Development Impacts of Access Management: Minnesota Interstate 394 Case Study

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Plazak, D. and H. Preston, “Long-Term Business and Land Development Impacts of Access Management: Minnesota Interstate 394 Case Study,” Paper 06-0040, 85th Annual Transportation Research Board Meeting, Washington, D.C. (2006)

Safe Access is Good for Business

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Ismart, D., W. Frawley, D. Plazak, K. Williams, D. Matherly, M. Fendrick, N. Spiller. Safe Access is Good for Business, FHWA-HOP-06-107, (2006) This primer summarizes research on economic impacts of access management. It is designed to address questions the business owners may have about access management and its effect on business activity and the local economy.

Economic Effects of Access Management Techniques in North Carolina

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Cunningham, C., M. Miller, S. Smith, D. Findley, D. Carter, B. Schroeder, D. Katz and R. Foyle, Economic Effects of Access Management Techniques in North Carolina, prepared for North Carolina Department of Transportation, North Carolina State University (2010) [Cunningham, C., M. Miller, S. Smith, D. Findley, D. Carter, B. Schroeder, D. Katz and R. Foyle, “Economic Effects of Access Management Techniques in North Carolina,” 90th Annual Transportation Research Board Meeting, Washington, D.C. (2011)]

NCHRP Report 659: Guide for the Geometric Design of Driveways

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This document became the first national guide focused specifically on driveway design since the publication of AASHTO’s An Informational Guide for Preparing Private Driveway Regulations for Major Highways in 1959. Since 1959, the transportation system and its needs have changed drastically, and this report addresses the need for a comprehensive driveway design guide that accounts for vehicles, pedestrians, and bicyclists. The report identifies more than 90 design elements that directly or indirectly affect the geometric design of a driveway or access point.

NCHRP Synthesis 337: Cooperative Agreements for Corridor Management

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Williams, K., NCHRP Synthesis 337: Cooperative Agreements for Corridor Management, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, National Academy Press: Washington, D.C. (2004)
This report reviews the state of the practice in developing and implementing cooperative agreements for corridor management, elements of such agreements, and best practices or lessons learned. It includes several case examples of cooperative agreements. Below are a few excerpts from the report relative to effective agreements.

Guide for Analysis of Corridor Management Policies and Practices

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Williams, K. and C. Hopes. Guide for Analysis of Corridor Management Policies and Practices, prepared for the Florida Department of Transportation, (2007)
The guide provides detailed guidance for conducting a corridor management policy analysis including:
• steps in evaluating local government policies and practices,
• methods for identifying implementation needs, and
• a framework for recommending policy changes, including examples and resources for further information.

Effective Strategies for Comprehensive Corridor Management

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Seggerman, K. and K. Williams. Effective Strategies for Comprehensive Corridor Management, prepared for the Florida Department of Transportation, Center for Urban Transportation Research, Tampa, FL, 2004.

This study includes numerous case studies of effective corridor management plans, processes and policies.

Maine’s Best Practices for Development of Multi-Modal Corridor Management Plans

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Androscoggin Valley Council of Governments, Maine’s Best Practices for Development of Multi-Modal Corridor Management Plans, (2007)
This report offers a step by step approach to development of a regional corridor management plan. For example, it includes an effective summary of the appropriate roles of the DOT and Regional Councils in the planning process, Advisory Committee Procedures and Goals, and examples of data needs.

Pedestrian Safety through a Raised Median and Redesigned Intersections

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King, M. Pedestrian Safety through a Raised Median and Redesigned Intersections, TRR 1445, TRB, Washington, DC, 2004.

The analysis of this road reconstruction project sought to do two things: to demonstrate innovative qualitative techniques in analyzing traffic calming and pedestrian safety projects, and to quantitatively evaluate the effect of the project on traffic calming and pedestrian safety.

Quantifying Countermeasure Effectiveness

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Wilson, Petritsch, Quantifying Countermeasure Effectiveness, Orlando, FL, PBIC, November 2008.

Pedestrian and bicycle professionals sometimes encounter resistance when proposing crash countermeasures, due either to competing interests along a corridor or the desire to cut costs. Quantifying the effectiveness of corridor-length countermeasures such as medians, lighting and bicycle lanes will help proponents make a better case for these elements.

Model Regulations and Plan Amendments for Multimodal Transportation Districts

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Williams, K. and K. Seggerman, Model Regulations and Plan Amendments for Multimodal Transportation Districts, National Center for Transit Research, Center for Urban Transportation Research, Tampa, FL, (2004)
This report includes suggested comprehensive plan amendment language and land development regulations that relate to access management in a multimodal environment.

Measurement and Comparison of Acceleration and Deceleration Zones at Traffic Control Intersections

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Boonsiripant, S., M. Hunter, K. Dixon and M.O. Rogers, “Measurement and Comparison of Acceleration and Deceleration Zones at Traffic Control Intersections,” Proceedings of the 89th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, ( 2010)

Bridging the Gaps: How Quality and Quantity of a Connected Bikeway Network Correlates with Increasing Bicycle Use

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Birk, M. and R. Geller, “Bridging the Gaps: How Quality and Quantity of a Connected Bikeway Network Correlates with Increasing Bicycle Use,” Presented at the Transportation Research Board 85th Annual Meeting (2006)

Safety Benefit of Raised Medians and Pedestrian Refuge Areas

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Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Safety Benefit of Raised Medians and Pedestrian Refuge Areas, FHWA-SA-10-020, (2010) This document is an excellent summary of the safety benefits of medians for pedestrians, pedestrian access to transit stops, pedestrian crossing maneuvers, as well as benefits of medians in general. It includes several references that will be useful as well. It is of significant value to the AMM2 chapters and sections on impacts of access management techniques and pedestrians. Key findings are reproduced below.

NCHRP Synthesis 299

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The objective of this synthesis was to summarize the key findings of various geometric design research efforts published in the 1990s. In the decade following the publication of the 1990 edition of AASHTO’s A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets (also known as the Green Book), the research community conducted a large amount of research with potentially significant implications on safety and operations. The primary goal of this synthesis was to capture and distribute that information for consideration in the development of the 2004 edition of the Green Book.

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