Dowling, R., et.al., NCHRP Report 616, Multimodal Level of Service Analysis for Urban Streets, TRB, Washington DC, (2008)
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Chowdhury, M., N. Derov, T. Paulin, and A. Sadek, Prohibiting Left-turn Movements at Mid-Block Unsignalized Driveways: Simulation Analysis. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 279 (April 2005), pp. 279-285
Wan, F., Y. Zhang and K. Fitzpatrick, Analysis of Platoon Impacts on Left-Turn Delay at Unsignalized Intersections, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2223, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. (2011)
Lyles, R., B. Malik, A. Chaudhry, G. Abu-Lebdeh and M. Siddiqui, An Evaluation of Right-Turn-In/Right-Turn-Out Restrictions in Access Management, Prepared for the Michigan Department of Transportation, Michigan State University (2009)
[ see also Malik, B., M. Siddiqui and R. Lyles, An Evaluation of Driveway Turning Restrictions in Access Management Using Microsimulation, 90th Annual Transportation Research Board Meeting, Washington, D.C. (2011)]
Lu, Jian. Guideline Development for Minimizing Operating Speed Variance of Multilane Highways by Controlling Access Design, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., Southeastern Transportation Center, University of Tennessee (in progress, end date noted as August 2011)
Lu, J., Dissanayake, S., Zhou, H., Yang, X. and K. Williams, Methodology to Quantify the Effects of Access Management on Roadway Operations and Safety, Project BC-132, Florida Department of Transportation (2001)
Liu, P., J. Lu, H. Zhou and G. Sokolow, Operational Effects of U-Turns as Alternatives to Direct Left-Turns, Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 133, Issue 5 (2007)
Highway Capacity Manual, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington D.C. (2010)
Fernandez, J., & L. Marcus. Network Planning: Developing a Multimodal Approach. ITE Journal, (2009) pp. 30-39.
Institute of Transportation Engineers. Planning Urban Roadway Systems: An ITE Proposed Recommended Practice, Washington, D.C. (2011)
City of Boulder, Colorado. Transportation Master Plan. (updated 2008) [Online] http://www.bouldercolorado.gov/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=331&Itemid=1616
Schultz, G., D. Thurgood, A. Olsen and C. Reese, Analyzing Raised Median Safety Impacts Using Bayesian Methods, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2223, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. (2011)
North Carolina Department of Transportation, Median Crossover Guidelines, (January 2004)
Lu, J., P. Liu, and F. Pirinccioglu, Determination of the Offset Distance between Driveway Exits and Downstream U-turn Locations for Vehicles Making Right Turns Followed by U-turns, Report Sponsored by the Florida Department of Transportation, Tallahassee, Florida (2005)
Hovey, P., R. Chowdhury, Y. Zhou, and R. Fries, Evaluating the Safety Performance of Adding a Two-way Left-turn Lane to an Undivided Cross-section, Journal of Public Works and Infrastructure, Vol. 2, Issue 4 (2010)
Florida Department of Transportation, Interim Median Handbook, Tallahassee, Florida. (February 8, 2006)
Phillips, S., D. Carter, J. Hummer, R. Foyle. Effects of Increased U-Turns at Intersections on Divided Facilities and Median Divided Versus Five-Lane Undivided Benefits, prepared for North Carolina Department of Transportation, FHWA/NC/2004-07 (2004) [See also Carter, D., J. Hummer, R. Foyle, and S. Phillips. Operational and Safety Effects of U-turns at Signalized Intersections, TRR 1912, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington D.C., 2005, pp. 11-18.]
Florida Department of Transportation Research Project BDK 84: TWO 977-19: Landscaping of Highway Medians at Intersections, (in progress)
For many years, the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) has limited the landscaping
of highway medians at or near intersections. These limitations, detailed in Index 546 of the
Benz, Robert J. Guidelines for the Effective Use of Flexible Pylons for Congestion Mitigation, Access Management, and Safety Improvement, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., Texas Transportation Institute (in progress, end date August 2012)
The objectives of this project are to develop guidelines on/to:
(1) When and where pylons are suitable for implementation,
(2) Which type of pylons (curb mounted or fixed to pavement) is suitable for various applications,
Williams, K. Tallahassee-Leon County Corridor Management Program, Proceedings of the Sixth National Conference on Access Management, Transportation Research Board, Kansas City, Missouri, (2004)
City of Orlando, Transportation Element: Goals, Objectives, and Policies. Approved August 12, 1991, Amended November 1, 2010.
City of Charlotte, Transportation Action Plan (DRAFT 8/22/2011) and Urban Street Design Guidelines (Adopted 10/22/07)
K. Williams and V. Stover, Access Management for Small and Medium-Sized Communities, Proceedings of the 8th National Conference on Transportation Planning for Small and Medium-Sized Communities, Transportation Research Board, Cincinnati, OH, (2002)
This paper includes specific steps for developing a local government access management program, as well as suggested comprehensive plan policies and development regulations.
Williams, K. and K. Seggerman, Mobility Review Guide: A Proposed Practice, prepared for the Florida Department of Transportation, Center for Urban Transportation Research (2010)
This comprehensive toolkit includes a series of access management concepts in the form of frequently asked questions and answers, as well as access management treatments, case studies and literature review. It is supplemented with tables and figures to illustrate each point, and an overview of key techniques. It also includes specific information on the importance of access management for pedestrians, such as the following:
What are some other corridor design features that help pedestrians?
Williams Feed, Inc. v. State, 2007 MT 79 - Mont: Supreme Court (2007)
Wardany v. City of San Jacinto, Dist. Court, CD California (2011)
Hardin v. South Carolina Dept of Transp., 359 S.C. 244, 597 S.E.2d 814 (Ct. App. 2004)
Rucci v. Cranberry Twp., 130 Fed. Appx. 572, U.S. App. (2005)
Ovens v. Quality Acquisitions, unpublished opinion per curiam of the Court of Appeals, issued October 28, 2003 (Docket Nos. 236800 and 238885), 2003 WL 22442786
Galvis v. State, Dept. of Transp., 167 P. 3d 584 - Wash: Court of Appeals, 2nd Div. 2007
This landmark case questions the constitutionality of the Highway Access Management Act (HAMA). The contention lies over the fact that while HAMA authorizes a taking of private property by the state, it allows an administrative hearing instead of a jury trial.
City of South Haven v. Van Buren County Road Commn, 715 NW 2d 81, 270 Mich. App. 233 (2006)
City of Jacksonville v. Twin Restaurants, 953 So. 2d 720 - Fla: Dist. Court of Appeals, 1st Dist. (2007)
Legal Considerations in Access management, Florida Department of Transportation.
Hutchins, B., Chief Deputy Attorney General, Use of Police Power, presented at the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, January 2004.
Downie, R. Legal Issues in Floridas Access Management Program, presentation, Session 203: Legal Considerations in Corridor Projects and Access Control, Transportation Annual Meeting, January 11, 2010.
Thiel, J. Highway Access Laws and Control, Plat User Group Conference, Wisconsin Department of Transportation (2006)
This paper outlines key legal considerations in access control authority of Wisconsin Department of Transportation and local government and details these considerations through an analysis of Wisconsin case law.
Netherton, R. D. NCHRP Legal Research Digest 44: Reexamination of the Line between Governmental Exercise of the Police Power and Eminent Domain. TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., Oct. 2000.
National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Selected Studies in Transportation Law, Volume 2, Eminent Domain (2008).
These studies are written for public transportation agencies. Volume 2 is organized into seven sections:
Indiana Statewide Access Management Study: Access Management Authority in Indiana (DRAFT Technical Report #1), prepared by Urbitrans, Inc. for the Indiana Department of Transportation (2006) [Online]. Available: http://www.in.gov/indot/files/legal.pdf
This report addressed the legal authority of the state of Indiana to engage in access management.
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The information contained in this web site is maintained by members of the TRB Committee on Access Management. Information included here does not imply an endorsement by the Transportation Research Board, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Research Council, or the Federal Highway Administration.
Forsyth County and Winston Salem North Carolina, City-County Planning Board, Metro Activity Center Design Guidelines: Recommendations for Developing Focused, Mixed-Use Commercial/Residential Centers (2003)
These design guidelines provide an overview of the land use and network characteristics important to the design of regional activity centers. They include general guidance on circulation, parking and pedestrian access as well as site plan elements, and desirable land use mix.
Esseks, D., L. Oberholtzer, K. Clancy, M. Lapping, and A. Zurbrugg. Sustaining Agriculture in Urbanzing Counties: Insights from 15 Coordinated Case Studies, University of Nebraska: Lincoln (2009).
City of San Diego Land Guidance System, Transit-Oriented Development Design Guidelines, prepared by Calthorpe and Associates, (1992)